Why HbA1C testing is Important in diagnosing diabetes



Why is HbA1c important? People with diabetes who reduced their HbA1c by less than 1% can cut their risk of dying within 5 years by 50% , according to Swedish research presented at the annual meeting of the European Association for the Study of Diabetes, Sept. 2012 (EASD).

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The HbA1c test, also known as the haemoglobin A1c or glycated haemoglobin test, is an important blood test that gives a good indication of how well your diabetes is being controlled

Together with the fasting plasma glucose test, the HbA1c test is one of the main ways in which type 2 diabetes is diagnosed.

HbA1c tests are not the primary diagnostic test for type 1 diabetes but may sometimes be used together with other tests. HbA1c testing in diagnosing diabetes The World Health Organisation (WHO) suggests the following diagnostic guidelines for diabetes:


If your HbA1c test returns a reading of 6.0–6.4% , that indicates prediabetes. Your doctor should work with you to suggest appropriate lifestyle changes that could reduce your risk of developing type 2 diabetes.

A random blood glucose test will usually be used to diagnose type 1 diabetes. However, in some cases, an HbA1c test may be used to support a diagnosis of type 1 diabetes.