What are heart attacks?
Heart attacks occur when blood cannot flow to the heart due to a blocked artery.
In Singapore, heart attack is the 2nd most common cause of death
Despite treatment, there is still a 10% mortality rate in patients with heart attack
Men are 3 – 5 times more likely than women to have coronary heart disease
Heart disease is the leading cause of death among women in Singapore
What are some common risk factors of heart attack?
High blood cholesterol
High blood pressure (high blood pressure is the leading cause of heart disease)
Diabetes mellitus (people with diabetes are 2 – 4 times more likely to develop coronary artery disease)
Smoking (smokers have 2 – 3 times the risk of non-smokers for sudden cardiac death)
Age (on average, 80% of those who die of coronary heart disease are aged 65 and above)
How does it feel like to have a heart attack?
Mild pain or discomfort in your chest that may come and go – also called ‘stuttering’ chest pain
Pain in your upper back, shoulders, neck
Nausea or vomiting
Lightheadedness or fainting
Feeling of ‘impending doom’
Severe anxiety or confusion